If India has 3 universities in the top 200, who gets the credit?
I guess no one is surprised that over a quarter (54 out of 200) of the world’s top 200 universities are American and just over an eighth (29) are British. The rest of the world trails behind, with Australia (13), Netherlands (11), Japan (11) and Germany (10) the closest to the top. These rankings were calculated on the basis of peer review, recruiter review, international faculty scores, international students score, faculty/student scores and citations/faculty scores.
This is what struck me:
1. All those in the top ten belong to either the US or the UK
2. Only four countries from the eastern world figure in the top 20 list and these are China, Australia, Singapore and Japan.
3. In both the US and the UK, more than half of the universities improved their rank over the past year (2006 over 2005), while the others slipped. In Japan, 7 out of their top 11 improved their ranking this year.
4. Only about 26 countries of the world made it to this list at all, and India is at number 14, keeping pace with Israel, Austria, Denmark and S Korea, all of whom have 3 universities in the top 200. Malaysia, Singapore, New Zealand and Russia have 2 universities in the top 200 and Mexico, Taiwan, Norway and Italy have 1.
Not too bad I thought, considering that all the countries which are ahead of India [US, UK, Australia, Netherlands, Japan, Germany, France (8), Canada (7), Switzerland (7), China (6), Belgium (5), Hong Kong (4) and Sweden (4)] are developed countries, except for China and China is economically stronger than India.
Does the fact that India has 3 universities in the top 200 mean a lot?
Well, none of India’s universities are in the top 50, but I think the fact that we have 3 universities in the top 200 of the world is significant because we are a poor country. And it is our own achievement, after independence. None of these universities were started during the British Raj.
The Indian Institute of Management, Kolkata, was established as the first national institute of Management in 1961 in collaboration with MIT Sloan School of Management and it was rapidly followed by the second, The Indian Institute of Management in Ahmedabad, which initially collaborated with Harvard Business School. Today there are all of 6 IIM’s and all are autonomous institutes owned and financed by the Indian government.
Then there are the IIT’s. The Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur (near Kolkata), was the very first IIT and was established in 1951 . Its central library is the largest technical library in Asia. Today there are seven IITs and three more will be set up in the next few years. All the IIT’s are autonomous universities, and receive government grants. Except for IIT Kanpur, all the institutes are members of LAOTSE (an international network of universities in Europe and Asia) which enables the IIT’s to exchange students and senior scholars with foreign universities.
The Jawaharlal Nehru University was established in Delhi in 1969 by the Indian government.
In fact the only university mentioned in the rankings which was not set up by the Indian government is Delhi university. Delhi university was set up in 1922 and is ranked 75 in the list of the top Arts and Humanities universities of the world. The arts and humanities universities list is dominated by the US, UK and Australia.
Although Delhi University (known for its high academic standards) does not figure in the overall list of the top 200, the IIT’s (57), the IIM’s (68) and JNU (192) do. While IIT’s rank slipped slightly this year (2006 over 2005), from 50 to 57, the IIM ‘s improved their ranking from 84 to 68 and JNU from 192 to 83.
What I am saying is that however much we may curse our government, they have done at least three good things since independence! And this gives us hope that they will fulfill their promise of adding many more such high quality institutions in the coming years. 🙂
(Photo from the Wiki)
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