Politicians least trusted the world over
The Global Corruption Barometer (2007) by Transparency International is out and it’s interesting to see where India stands in relation to the world. The survey is a public opinion survey of 63,199 respondents in 60 countries (by Gallup International) and tells us how people perceive corruption in different sectors like the Legislature, Politics, Media and so on.
Here is a global chart. To see the graph below more clearly, right click to ‘view image’. Due to constraints of space/design I cannot post a very large image here:
My analysis below is not a comparison of the level of corruption in different countries – for that you can read my post here. This is a brief analysis of the different way each country views its (own) various institutions. Again, it’s not a comparison of the actual levels of corruption from country to country or within a country, but a comparison of the perceived level of corruption of different institutions within the same country and the sector-wise differences (not actual) between different countries.
In India (more details on this later) almost all sectors are perceived to be corrupt but Political Parties and the Police more so. The Police being seen as extremely corrupt is typical of underdeveloped nations.
While corruption in political parties is seen to be high/highest in many countries, in most developed countries the law enforcement machinery is perceived to be less corrupt than most other sectors.
In the United Kingdom, although politicians are seen to the most corrupt, they are followed closely by the Media and the Business/Private sector and then comes Parliament. The British feel that their Registry and Permit Services are the least corrupt and feel that their Education System and Medical Services are relatively clean.
Countries such as Hong Kong view their politicians with less of a cynical eye and see their Business/Private sector as the most corrupt, followed by the Media, Political Parties and NGO’s. Citizens feel that their Registry & Permit Services, Taxation Authorities and their Utilities are the least corrupt.
In Singapore again it’s the Business/Private sector which is seen to be as the most corrupt, with NGO’s equally so. This is followed closely by the Media, Religious Bodies and only then come the political parties. Singapore citizens feel that their Military, their Education system, their Registry & Permit Services, Taxation Authorities and their Utilities are the least corrupt.
In Norway, again it’s the Business/Private sector which is seen to be the most corrupt, followed by the Media, Religious bodies, NGO’s, the Military and then the Political Parties. The country trusts it’s Tax & Revenue officials and it’s Registry & Permit Services the most.
United States citizens however have less faith in their legal system as compared to other developed nations. After the Politicians and Legislature, they seem to distrust their Legal System, their Media, Business and…the Tax Revenue authorities! Americans feel that their Military and their Registry & Permit Services are the least corrupt.
Distrust of Taxation officials seems to be high in Italy too. While Italians distrust their Politicians and their Parliament/Legislature the most, this is followed by the tax revenue and the Registry & Permit Services. This is followed by Business, the Legal System and then the Medical Services. The Italians trust their Military and the Police the most.
In India tragically the police are seen to be as corrupt as the politicians, followed closely by Legal System and the Parliament. In fact Indians see every single sector as highly corrupt, except for it’s Military!
In Pakistan, the police are seen to be more corrupt than the politicians and the legal machinery and legislature/parliament almost as corrupt as the politicians! Not surprisingly, Pakistanis don’t trust their Military either.
The poor have to pay the most bribes
Talking across countries, it’s the poor who bribe more than the rich. It’s not the actual money that is the considered here, but simply the number of times people had to pay a bribe. I guess that is why so many of the poor in India are so cynical. Mostly they believe that one has to pay a bribe for everything – to get a job, get a ration card, or get ‘free’ treatment in hospital. The rich don’t need to bribe for these…they don’t look for unskilled jobs where they can be easily replaced and nor do they need free treatment in hospitals. Besides, they use ‘connections’ and ‘networking’ to get many things done.
A more detailed view of India:
There have been no dramatic changes in perception over the last three years but there has been a gradual decrease in the faith that people have in the Parliament. Perhaps this is due to some sting operations by the Indian Media. The trust in the Military is going up gradually (inspite of media reports of corruption in the Army) and trust in Religious Bodies is decreasing. You can read about how much faith the public has in their own Media (global research) here.
You can read the press release by Transparency International regarding the Global Corruption Barometer specially for India here.
You can read which country pays the least and the most bribes here.
(All graphs/images have been taken from Transparency International)
Related Reading: Comparisons of violent crime in the world
Too many policemen deployed on security duty
Poor Police to People ratio in India
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